Introduction to the Sonar Equations

Course #PH3401

Est.imated Completion Time: 3 months


A discussion of the fundamental principles behind each term of the sonar equations. Starting with the acoustic wave equation and the basic properties of sound waves, topics include ray acoustics, normal mode theory, simple transmission loss models, coherent and incoherent sound, directivity, beamforming, scattering, noise sources and properties, and the detection threshold. This course can be taken online as part of the ASW Certificate program.

Included in degrees & certificates

  • 274


  • Single-variable calculus
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Academic Calendar

  •  09 Jun 2023

    Spring quarter last day of classes

  •  13 Jun 2023

    Spring quarter final examinations begin

  •  15 Jun 2023

    Spring quarter final examinations end